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  • What are pros and cons of Indian Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme?

What are pros and cons of Indian Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme?

Indian Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme

In today's ever-changing financial landscape, investing wisely is essential. One investment avenue that has gained significant attention in recent years is the Indian Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme (SGB). 

This unique financial instrument allows investors to own gold in a paperless form while earning interest on their investments. 

Let's get into the depth of it and find out what SGB offers us.

What is the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme about?

The Indian Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme is a government-backed initiative to promote gold investments by offering an alternative to physical gold ownership. It was introduced by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to reduce the country's reliance on imported gold and harness the economic benefits of gold investments.

SGBs are financial instruments that allow investors to buy gold in the form of bonds. When you invest in SGBs, you essentially lend money to the government, and in return, you receive bonds that represent a certain amount of gold. These bonds have a fixed tenure and offer a fixed interest rate.


Pros of Investing in SGB

Tax Benefits

One of the significant advantages of investing in SGBs is the tax benefits they offer. The capital gains made upon redemption of SGBs after the maturity period are exempt from capital gains tax. Additionally, there is no Goods and Services Tax (GST) applicable when you buy or sell SGBs.


Safety and Security

SGBs are backed by the Indian government, making them one of the safest investment options. You don't need to worry about the purity and security of physical gold, as SGBs eliminate these concerns.


No Storage Hassles

Unlike physical gold, SGBs are stored electronically, reducing the risk of theft or damage. You won't have to spend on expensive safes or worry about the logistical challenges of storing gold.


Fixed Interest Income

SGBs provide a fixed-interest income, which is paid semi-annually. This is an attractive feature for investors looking for regular income from their investments.


Cons of Investing in SGB

Lack of Liquidity

SGBs have a fixed maturity period, and liquidity can be a challenge if you need to sell them before maturity. You may have to rely on the secondary market, which can have varying prices.


Fixed Lock-in Period

Investors must hold SGBs for a fixed period of eight years. While premature redemption is allowed after the fifth year, this can be a drawback if you need access to your funds earlier.


Interest Taxation

The interest earned on SGBs is taxable. While this may not be a significant disadvantage, it's essential to consider the tax implications.


No Dividend

Unlike some other investments, SGBs do not provide any dividends. Investors looking for regular income may find this aspect less appealing.


Difference between Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) and Digital Gold


Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs)

Digital Gold


Bonds representing physical gold

Digital ownership of gold


Limited liquidity, especially before maturity

High liquidity, can be bought and sold easily


Electronic, no storage hassles

No storage hassles, digital form


Fixed interest income

No interest earned


Tax benefits available on maturity, no GST on buying/selling

Capital gains tax on selling and GST on buying/selling


Factors to consider while investing in Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme

  • Investment Objectives: Start by defining your investment goals. Are you looking for long-term wealth preservation, diversification, or capital appreciation?  A Good Stock Broker will help you in understanding your objectives will help you determine the suitability of SGBs for your portfolio.
  • Liquidity Needs: Consider your liquidity requirements. SGBs have a fixed maturity period, and while premature redemption is allowed after the mentioned year, it's essential to evaluate whether this aligns with your liquidity needs.
  • Market Conditions: Keep an eye on the prevailing market conditions. The price of gold can fluctuate, affecting the value of your SGBs. Consider factors like gold prices and economic trends.
  • Authorized Channels: Invest through authorized channels. Ensure you go through recognized banks, financial institutions, post offices, or stock exchanges to purchase SGBs. Avoid unauthorized sources.


How to Invest in the Gold Bond Scheme?

Investing in SGBs is straightforward. You can purchase them through authorized banks and financial institutions during specific subscription periods. The bonds are also listed on stock exchanges, making them accessible to a broader range of investors.

Eligibility and Documentation: Ensure you meet the eligibility criteria, which include being a resident individual, or it could be a trust, a university, or a charitable organisation.

Application Process: You can invest in SGBs through authorized banks, financial institutions, post offices, and recognized stock exchanges. The application process typically involves filling out a form and providing the necessary documentation.


In conclusion, investing in the Indian Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme offers a unique opportunity to diversify your investment portfolio. By combining the security of government-backed gold investments with the potential for appreciation, SGBs provide a balanced approach to wealth preservation and growth. This makes them one of the most effective ways to enhance the diversity of your investment portfolio while safeguarding your assets. It's essential to carefully consider your investment objectives, risk tolerance, and long-term financial goals to leverage the benefits of Sovereign Gold Bonds to their fullest potential.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Is it good idea to invest in sovereign gold bond?

Ans. Yes, investing in Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) can be a good idea. They offer a safe and convenient way to invest in gold, provide regular interest income, and may have tax advantages. However, it's essential to consider your financial goals and consult with an expert before investing.

Q2. Are Sovereign Gold Bonds a safe investment?

Ans. Yes, SGBs are backed by the Indian government, making them a secure investment option.

Q3. Can I sell Sovereign Gold Bonds before the maturity period?

Ans. Yes, you can sell SGBs in the secondary market after the fifth year of holding.

Q4. Are there any tax benefits associated with investing in SGBs?

Ans. Yes, capital gains from SGBs are tax-exempt upon maturity, and there is no GST on buying or selling SGBs.


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