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Understanding the timings of Indian stock markets

Timings of Indian Stock Market

Understanding the timings of the Indian stock market is like unlocking a hidden realm within the stock market. It's a period where savvy investors can capitalize on opportunities and react to breaking news that occurs outside of standard trading hours. Whether you're a seasoned trader or a novice investor, a better understanding of the stock market’s timing can offer a new dimension to your portfolio management strategy.

Stock Market Timings

To grasp the significance of stock market timings, it's crucial to first comprehend the standard stock market timings. The regular trading day typically starts in the morning and concludes in the evening, but pre-opening market trading and post-closing market trading extend beyond this timeframe. It's essential to be aware of these extended hours to make informed decisions during trading. Here is an overlook of stock market trading hours in India:





Pre-Opening Market Session

9:00 am  - 9:15 am


Normal Session

9:15 am - 3:30 pm


Closing Session 

3:30 pm - 3:40 pm 


Post-closing session

3:40 pm - 4:00 pm

Pre-Open Market Session

The Pre-Open Market Session, a crucial segment preceding trading hours, is a well-defined process in India. This 15-minute session is divided into three sub-sessions, each serving a distinct purpose.

Break-Up of the Pre-Open Market Session

1. Order Entry Session (9:00 AM - 9:08 AM - 8 Minutes)  

During this initial sub-session, investors can enter their orders, specifying the stocks they want to trade. However, it's crucial to note that after the first 8 minutes, no additional orders are accepted and It is also the time when the market rate settles for the pre-market session.

2. Order Matching Session (9:08 AM - 9:12 AM - 4 Minutes)  

The following four minutes focus on matching the entered orders. It's important for investors to be aware that no buying, selling, cancellation, or modification of orders is allowed during this specific time frame.

3. Buffer Session (9:12 AM - 9:15 AM - 3 Minutes)  

The final sub-session acts as a buffer, providing a brief window to address any abnormalities detected in the preceding sessions. This ensures a smooth transition into regular market hours and subsequent extended trading hours.


Post-Closing Session/Closing Session

As the clock strikes 3:30 p.m., signaling the end of the regular trading day in the Indian stock market, a crucial period begins—the Closing Session. Although no exchanges occur during this time, its significance lies in the determination of the closing price, a factor with far-reaching implications for the subsequent day's opening security prices.

Stock Market Closing Time in India: A Two-Part Division

1. 3:30 p.m. – 3:40 p.m.: Closing Price Calculation  

The first segment involves calculating the closing price using a weighted average of prices at securities trading from 3:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. on the stock exchange. This process extends to benchmark and sector indices like Nifty, Sensex, and S&P Auto, among others, where the weighted average prices of listed securities play a crucial role in determining closing prices.

2. 3:40 p.m. – 4:00 p.m.: Bidding for the Following Day  

The second part, occurring post-stock market closing time, allows for the placement of bids for the next day's trade. Bids submitted during this window are confirmed, contingent on the availability of adequate buyers and sellers in the market. Notably, these transactions are executed at a predetermined price, irrespective of changes in the opening market price.

Understanding the dynamics of the Post-Closing Session is paramount for investors, as it directly influences the opening prices in the subsequent trading day, shaping trading strategies and decisions.

Choosing the Right Low Brokerage Stock Broker

To avoid the risks involved in your trading journey it’s crucial to select the right brokerage, especially if you plan to engage in trading. Here are some tips for choosing the best low-brokerage stock broker in India:

1. Fee Structure

Look for a brokerage with competitive fees and low commissions. Trading sessions can be costlier due to inferior liquidity, so keeping costs in check is essential.

2. Trading Platform

A user-friendly and reliable trading platform is a must. Ensure the broker provides stable access during trading sessions.

3. Extended Hours Support

A good stock broker educates you about trade, ledgers, bills, trading psychology, and everything that is required for an investor during his trading journey. Stock brokers offer extended hours of trading support and make you aware of every circumstance and limitation of trading in each duration.

4. Research Tools

You can trade more profitably by accessing research reports, trading tools, and real-time market data with the support of the right stock brokers and platforms. 

5. Regulatory Compliance

Ensure the broker complies with SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) regulations to protect your interests.


The Indian stock market's timings hold the key to unlocking potential opportunities and enhancing one's portfolio management strategy. Armed with knowledge about each session and the right brokerage support, investors can embark on their trading journey with confidence and acumen. 


Frequently Asked Questions

1.  Why is the Post-Closing Session important for investors?

The Post-Closing Session influences the determination of closing prices, impacting the opening security prices on the subsequent trading day. Understanding this session is crucial for shaping effective trading strategies.

2. How can I choose the best low-brokerage stock broker in India?

Ans: Consider factors such as competitive fees, a reliable trading platform, extended hours support, access to research tools, and regulatory compliance with SEBI when selecting a low-brokerage stock broker.

3. Can I place bids for the next day's trade during the Post-Closing Session?

Ans: Yes, the Post-Closing Session allows for the placement of bids for the following day's trade. However, these bids are confirmed based on the availability of adequate buyers and sellers in the market and are executed at a predetermined price.

4. What are the risks associated with limited liquidity during extended trading hours?

Ans: Limited liquidity in extended Hours Trading can make it challenging to buy or sell large quantities of stocks without significantly impacting their prices, potentially leading to unfavorable transactions.


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