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How To Start Commodity Trading - TradingBells

How To Start Commodity Trading - TradingBells

How To Start Commodity Trading

Trading in commodities has grown to be a common form of investment along with hedging as traders search for more avenues to trade as time goes on. 

It should be highlighted, nonetheless, that relying solely on financial advice from rumor to win at commodity trading may not produce positive outcomes. 

Comparing trading in commodities to other forms of investment demands more knowledge and is riskier.

Let's first talk about commodities before talking about trading in them.

What are Commodities?

Natural resources including iron ore, crude oil, agricultural goods, precious metals, fossil fuels, etc. are referred to as commodities. 

As opposed to stocks and bonds, which are only available as financial contracts, commodities can be purchased, sold, or traded. Commodity prices fluctuate regularly in response to supply and demand. Commodity traders aim to make money off trends in supply and demand. 


Trading in commodities has a number of advantages, including the ability to obtain differential exposure and protection for assets against inflation.

In this post, we'll go through how to start trading commodities so that investors can quickly recognize the trends.

Following are the steps to start Commodity Trading-

  • Open a Trading and Demat Account with a Stockbroker

A Trading and Demat account, similar to the one needed to trade stocks, is necessary to get started in commodities trading. The procedure for opening a Trading and Demat account is quite straightforward. 

The broker starts a trading account when the applicant completes an application form with all the necessary information.

You can quickly sign up for a Trading and Demat account with TradingBells.

  • Putting Down a First Deposit

Investors and traders must deposit a little sum, or an initial margin deposit amount, while opening a Trading and Demat account in order to begin trading in commodities. The initial margin, which ranges from 10 to 15% depending on the contract value of the commodity one wishes to trade in, is typically demanded from investors or traders. A sufficient margin is required to provide for potential losses. This will entirely depend on the investor's or trader's financial situation and level of risk tolerance.

  • Create a Trading Plan.

The first two steps mostly entail completing the necessary documentation and legalities for dealing in commodities. 

In order to comprehend the market and its tendencies, the next stage is to develop a trading strategy. There is no "one size fits all" when it comes to constructing the same. 

The trading approach will be determined by one's financial capacity, risk tolerance, and personal preferences. 

In essence, a trading strategy aids in supplying investors and traders with all the fundamental and technical analysis needed to develop trading plans for commodities.

Identification of ways to trade in Commodities

  • Direct buying : There are several ways to invest in commodities. For instance, one can buy commodities like gold and silver directly, but it is important to keep in mind that this can result in significant transaction fees as well as problems with purity and storage.
  • Using Stocks : Stock purchases are another way to trade in commodities; for instance, if one wants to invest in metals, they might buy the stock of a metal firm. 

This is due to the stock price closely tracking the metal price. Investing in stocks is generally more advantageous than investing directly since, if the company's fundamentals are strong, one can make money even if the price of the connected commodity is on the decline.

  • Through mutual funds and ETFs : It should be mentioned that there are numerous commodity-based mutual funds and ETFs. For instance, if someone wants to invest in gold or silver, they can choose to do so through mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). There are no storage issues or purity-related challenges under such circumstances. Additionally, a trader's or investor's Demat account holds all of their units in electronic form.
  • Through Commodities Exchange : Investors and dealers can transact in commodities at a number of commodity exchanges in India, including The National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange Limited (NCDEX), The Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited (MCX), and The Indian Commodity Exchange Limited (ICEX). A notable merger between NMCE and ICEX is the National Multi-Commodity Exchange (NMCE).

Risks involved in Commodity Trading

  • Market Volatility: Market volatility is one of the main hazards associated with trading commodities. Direct commodity market investment carries a significant level of risk, particularly for novice investors. 

Therefore, it is essential for investors to proceed with caution when choosing to engage in the commodity markets.

  • Uncertainties: In its most basic form, commodity trading is seen as a dangerous business because it is susceptible to a variety of unpredictabilities, including odd weather patterns, supply and demand trends, epidemics, and natural and man-made calamities.
  • Counterparty Risk: When two parties enter into a trade deal, there is a danger that one of them won't uphold the financial terms, which could put the other party at risk. 

Both small and large traders and investors are subject to this type of risk, which is known as counterparty risk. It should be highlighted, though, that because exchange-traded commodities are subject to direct regulation, this kind of risk does not apply to them.

  • Trade Liquidity and Timing - The commodity market is open for a longer period of time than the equities market. As a result, there are fewer participants who can participate continuously. 

As a result, there is a substantial possibility that the commodities contract may expire before the seller finds a buyer, at which point it will be worthless. 

Investors in the commodity market are put in danger by this. While there is plenty of liquidity in commodities like bullions, oils, and gas, there are those that one cannot access and must instead wait for the ideal moment to sell.

  • Speculative Risk - There is no assurance that an investment will result in a profit or loss, hence speculative risk is a necessary component of commodity trading. 

Furthermore, the degree of speculative risk varies depending on the commodity. Therefore, it is crucial to have a thorough understanding of the elements that affect a product's price before investing in the commodity market. This makes it possible to reduce speculative risks.

Final Reflections

Trading in commodities may be quite advantageous for investors if they have a solid understanding of the market and are familiar with efficient trading techniques. 

Having a basic understanding of commodities is one of the qualifications for trading them, as changes in commodity prices would directly impact a trader's portfolio. 

Last but not least, one must keep in mind that in order to achieve long-term success, one may have to endure temporary setbacks.

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Issued in the interest of investors: Prevent Unauthorised transactions in your trading and Demat account. Update your mobile numbers/email IDs with Tradingbells. Receive alerts and information of all debit and other important transactions in your trading and Demat account directly from Exchange/Depository on your mobile/email at the end of the day. KYC is a onetime exercise while dealing in securities markets. Once KYC is done through a SEBI registered intermediary (broker, DP, Mutual Fund etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary.

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