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How stock prices are determined in the stock market

Determining Stock Prices

Have you ever peeked at the stock market headlines and felt completely lost? Numbers whizzing past, green arrows clashing with red ones, and terms like "bullish" and "bearish" swirling like dust devils in the financial desert. Fear not, investors, This blog is your friendly guide to understanding the magic behind stock prices in the Indian market.

Understanding Shares

Imagine a massive bazaar, but instead of spices and silks, people trade tiny pieces of ownership in companies – called shares. The price of these shares, like the price of your favorite samosas, changes constantly based on what people are willing to pay and sell for. This complex dance of supply and demand is what determines the price of a stock.

Role of Supply and Demand in determining Share prices


Think of all the shares of a company available for purchase. The more shares floating around, the easier they are to find, and the lower their price tends to be.


Now imagine everyone who wants to buy those shares. The more buyers, the more competition, and the higher the price is likely to climb.

How are share prices determined?

This constant tug-of-war between supply and demand creates a dynamic movement in stock prices, known as volatility. Imagine your favorite tabla player, the rhythmic beats mirroring the ups and downs of a stock price. Sometimes it's a slow, steady thrum, other times it's a whirlwind of rapid changes.

What influences supply and demand?

Here we’ll look for certain factors influencing supply and demand:

Company Performance

A company's financial health, profits, and future prospects heavily influence its stock price. Good news can send it soaring, while bad news can bring it crashing down.

Market Sentiment

The overall mood of the market also plays a role. If everyone's feeling optimistic, prices tend to rise, while fear and pessimism can drive them down.

Global Events

International news and events like economic changes, political turmoil, or even natural disasters can ripple through the market, impacting stock prices across sectors.

Investor Decisions

Big investors and institutions can have a significant impact on prices, especially for smaller companies. Their buying and selling decisions can trigger waves of activity.

Process of determining stock prices

Curious to understand the process of determining the stock prices in the stock market? It's all about supply and demand happening in the stock market. Let's break it down, step-by-step to understand: 

1. Imagine Shares as Pieces of Cake: Each company on the market sells tiny slices of itself called shares. Owning a share means owning a piece of that company, like your share of a delicious chocolate cake.

2. Buyers and Sellers Take the Stage: There are always two camps in the market: buyers who want to buy shares (hoping they'll grow like your cake in the oven), and sellers who want to sell their shares (maybe they need a quick sugar rush).

3. The Bidding War Begins: Buyers shout out how much they're willing to pay for a share (their bids), while sellers call out their minimum selling price (their asks). Think of it as an auction but with coffee and maybe some air horns.

4. The Market Price: The magic happens when a buyer's bid and a seller's ask meet - that's the market price! It's like finding the perfect slice of cake everyone agrees is worth its weight in sugar and joy.

5. Supply and Demand Do the Samba: If more people want to buy than sell, the price goes up (think everyone wants the corner piece!). But if sellers outnumber buyers, the price dips (maybe the icing is a bit too sweet for some?).

6. It's a Continuous Performance: This buying and selling happens all day long, constantly setting and resetting the market price. It's like a never-ending cake buffet, with prices adjusting as people's appetites change.

Now you know! The price of a stock is a tango between buyers and sellers, constantly evolving based on their desires and the company's own performance. Remember, just like that perfect slice of cake, the stock market can be full of surprises and twists, but understanding the basics can help you navigate it with confidence and maybe even grab yourself a sweet slice of financial success.

How investors can navigate the share prices?

Do your research

Don't just follow the herd, Understand the company you're interested in, its financials, and plans.

Diversify your portfolio

Spread your investments across different sectors and companies to minimise risk.

Stay informed

Keep track of market news, company performance, and economic indicators. Knowledge is power in the stock market!

Seek expert guidance

Consider consulting the best share brokers for personalised advice and insights tailored to your goals and risk tolerance.

Stand out when the stock prices are determined

Start small and invest regularly

Consistency is key! Even small, regular investments can grow over time through the power of compound interest.

Control your emotions

Avoid impulsive decisions driven by fear or greed. Stick to your investment plan and make rational choices based on research and analysis.

Don't be afraid to ask questions

There's no shame in seeking help. Ask your share broker, join online forums, or attend educational courses related to the basics of the stock market to learn more about the market.


Investing can be an empowering journey for Indian investors. By understanding how stock prices are determined, making informed decisions, and seeking the right guidance, you can dance to the rhythm of the market and potentially achieve your financial goals.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q: How often do stock prices change?

Ans: Stock prices can fluctuate throughout the trading day, even minute by minute. The best share brokers usually offer updated charts and live data to track these changes.

Q: What are some good resources for learning about the stock market?

Ans: TradingBells provides online courses, and even mobile apps offer educational resources for Indian investors. Consider checking out platforms like NSE, BSE, and IIFL securities.

Q: What are some risks associated with investing in the stock market?

Ans: Investing comes with inherent risks, including potential losses due to market downturns or company performance. Diversification and long-term investing can help mitigate these risks.


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