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Difference Between NSE and BSE

Difference Between NSE and BSE

Difference Between NSE and BSE

The Indian Stock Market is mainly covered by India’s biggest stock exchanges NSE and BSE, also listed as Asia's largest stock exchange. 

Traders at the beginning of their trading journey usually get confused and assume both stock exchanges as the same, as per their various similarities. Still, there are a lot of factors that differentiate NSE and BSE.

So, let’s know what NSE and BSE are, how they are beneficial for traders, their similarities, and the significant differences between them.

National Stock Exchange (NSE)

NSE  was incorporated in 1992 with CEO Vikram Limaye. It came into recognition as the stock exchange by SEBI in 1993 as the first fully automated trading in India. With the increase in technology, NSE took the stock exchange in the electronic system and started trading operations in 1994.     

In 1995-1996 NSE launched the Nifty 50 as the Benchmark Index of the NSE and tracks the top 50 most liquid and largest stocks out of 1600 listed stocks. Based on market capitalisation NSE is known as the largest stock exchange of India. 

Apart from Nifty50 NSE offers the following indexes as well:

– Nifty 100

– Nifty Next 50

– Nifty Midcap 50

– Nifty Smallcap 250

– India VIX

– Other thematic, strategy, hybrid, and fixed-income indexes

NSE is the biggest stock exchange in India and also offers commodities, equity and equity derivatives instruments, and currency derivatives. It has various milestones and has been awarded with these awards:

  • World’s Largest Derivative Exchange in terms of contracts traded.
  • Index provider of the year.
  • ETF Index provider of the year.

Benefits of NSE

  • It is one of the top markets for businesses looking to list on significant exchanges.
  • Transparency in trade matching and the settlement process is brought about by high-volume trading and automated systems.
  • The NSE trading system provides post-trade information. Additionally, it shows the top five buy and sell orders.
  • The total number of buyable and sellable securities is shown on the trading platform.
  • Fast order processing leads to liquidity and the best prices on the market.
  • Due to its quick settlement cycles, delays are minimised.

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

Premchand Roychand incorporated BSE in 1875 and it was the first stock exchange of not only India of the whole of Asia. Initially, it was named ‘The Native Share & StockBrokers Association.’

BSE introduced SENSEX (also known as Sensitive Idex) in 1986 as the first equity index to provide a base for identifying the top 30 trading companies in more than ten sectors for the trade exchange.

Apart from SENSEX BSE offers the following indexes as well:

– S&P BSE Auto

– S&P BSE Bankex

– S&P BSE Capital Goods

– S&P BSE Consumer durables

– S&P BSE Fast-moving consumer goods

Benefits of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

  • The BSE was crucial in the growth of India's financial markets.
  • The exchange gives the corporate sector a productive platform to raise investment money.
  • Its effective computerised trading platform allows for quick trade execution.
  • Investors can trade in mutual funds, shares, derivatives, debt instruments, and currencies.
  • It provides essential trading services for the capital markets, including clearing, settlement, investor education, and risk management. 

Similarities Between NSE and BSE

Now that we know about the NSE and BSE, let’s know what makes them similar:

  • These two exchanges are well-liked by investors.
  • Both let you trade stocks.
  • On these exchanges, you can trade bonds, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), commodities, derivatives, futures, options, and currencies in addition to stock.
  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) oversees the BSE and NSE.
  • There are electronic trading capabilities at both of these exchanges.
  • Mumbai is home to both the NSE and BSE corporate offices.

Differences Between National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange

NSE and BSE play a crucial role in the country's financial markets facilitating the trading of various financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, derivatives, and commodities. While they serve similar functions, there are several key differences between the NSE and BSE that investors should be aware of. Here are the key differences:







Establishment and History

was established in 1992 because of economic reforms to modernize India's financial markets.

It is the oldest stock exchange in Asia, established in 1875.

It is also one of the oldest stock exchanges globally.


Ownership and Governance

It is a public limited company owned by various financial institutions, including banks, insurance companies, and other financial intermediaries.

It is a corporatized and demutualized exchange, which is owned by shareholders and operates as a for-profit organization.


Listed Companies

Around 1710
(As of 2023)

(As of Jul 2023)


Market Capitalization

Around 27,567,268 crores

30,194,806.70 Crores

(The more significant number of listed companies in BSE leads to higher market capitalization)


Trading Systems

The NSE introduced an electronic trading system known as the National Exchange for Automated Trading (NEAT).

This system allows faster and more efficient order matching and execution

The BSE initially relied on an open outcry system but later introduced an electronic trading platform called BOLT.


Benchmark Index

Nifty 50 




1. Equity 

2. Equity, Currency, and Commodity Derivatives

3. Exchange-Traded Funds

4. Mutual Funds

5. Corporate Bonds 
6. Security Lending & Borrowing Scheme 

7. Initial Public Offering (IPO)

8. Institutional Placement Program (IPP)

9. Offer for Sale

1. Equity 

2. Equity, Currency, and Commodity Derivatives

3. Exchange-Traded Funds

4. Mutual Funds

5. Corporate Bonds

6. Initial Public Offering (IPO)

7. Offer for Sale


SME Platform

NSE Emerge



Global Rank




Trading Hours

It operates from 9:15 am to 3:30 pm

It operates from 9:15 am to 3:30 pm for equity trading and from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm for commodity trading.



Both the NSE and BSE are essential components of India's financial markets, they have distinct differences in terms of establishment, ownership, trading systems, indices, and market share. Understanding these differences can help investors make informed decisions when trading on either exchange.

 It is always advisable to consult with a financial advisor or conduct thorough research before making investment decisions.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which is better NSE or BSE?

Ans: NSE and BSE both are good for beginners as per their type and interest of trading, investors willing for intraday trading can opt for NSE as it has better volume and liquidity while BSE will be a good option for seasoned investors. 

2. Can I buy in BSE and sell in NSE?
Ans: Yes, shares brought in BSE can be sold in NSE.

3. What is Nifty and Sensex?
Ans: Nifty is elaborated as ‘National Stock Exchange Fifty’ and Sensex stands for ‘Stock Exchange Sensitive Index’.

4. Can I buy stocks in NSE?
Ans: Only registered stock brokers or brokerage firms can trade in the NSE. Investors cannot directly trade on the stock exchange.

5. Is NSE public or private?
Ans: NSE is the largest private stock exchange network in India.



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